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Question: How do we know which four months are correct?
We learn from the Quran that Hajj shall be observed during the specified Sacred Months (2:197; 9:2, 36). It is also clear from the Quran that the four Sacred Months are continuous, and the Sacred Months and the regular months are not to be alternated (9:37). One of the duties of God's messenger of the Covenant (Rashad Khalifa), was to purge the corruption in this regard, and restore the four sacred months to the ones decreed by God. Please see Religious Duties: A Gift From God for the details.
Hajj shall be observed in the specified months.* Whoever sets out to observe Hajj shall refrain from sexual intercourse, misconduct, and arguments throughout Hajj. Whatever good you do, GOD is fully aware thereof. As you prepare your provisions for the journey, the best provision is righteousness. You shall observe Me, O you who possess intelligence.
(footnote) *2:197 Hajj can be observed any time during the Sacred Months: Zul-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, and Rabi I. Local governments restrict Hajj to a few days for their own convenience. See 9:37
Therefore, roam the earth freely for four months, and know that you cannot escape from GOD, ... A proclamation is herein issued from GOD and His messenger to all the people on the great day of pilgrimage, ... Once the Sacred Months are past ...
The count of months, as far as GOD is concerned, is twelve.* This has been GOD's law, since the day He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred. This is the perfect religion; you shall not wrong your souls (by fighting) during the Sacred Months. However, you may declare all-out war against the idol worshipers (even during the Sacred Months), when they declare all-out war against you, and know that GOD is on the side of the righteous.
Altering the Sacred Months is a sign of excessive disbelief; it augments the straying of those who have disbelieved. They alternate the Sacred Months and the regular months, while preserving the number of months consecrated by GOD. They thus violate what GOD has consecrated. Their evil works are adorned in their eyes. GOD does not guide the disbelieving people.
[5:2] O you who believe, do not violate the rites instituted by GOD, nor the
Sacred Months, nor the animals to be offered, nor the garlands marking
them, nor the people who head for the Sacred Shrine (Ka`bah) seeking blessings
from their Lord and approval. Once you complete the pilgrimage,
you may hunt.* ...
The four sacred months are Zul-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, & Rabi` I (12th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd months of the lunar calendar). There is no dispute with Zul-Hijjah being one of the four sacred months. Peopl are comfortable with having Zul-Hijjah as one of the four sacred months as the name of this month itself implies a connection with Hajj. Rabi` is derived from the root word Araba which means 4. There are 2 months in the lunar calendar with Rabi` in their name; the third month of the lunar calendar - Rabi` I and the fourth month - Rabi` II. Use of the word Rabi` (implying 4) for the fourth calendar month is understandable, but why does the third month of the lunar calendar also have the word Rabi` in it? It is fourth of what? It is the fourth of the Sacred Months beginning with Zul-Hijjah.
We also have a mathematical proof that connects the four Sacred Months with the Hajj verse of 2:197
(sub-title) The Four Months of Hajj (Zul-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, & Rabi I)
[2:197] Hajj shall be observed in the specified months.* Whoever sets out to observe Hajj shall refrain from sexual intercourse, misconduct, and arguments throughout Hajj. Whatever good you do, GOD is fully aware thereof. As you prepare your provisions for the journey, the best provision is righteousness. You shall observe Me, O you who possess intelligence.
Footnote: *2:197 Hajj can be observed any time during the Sacred Months: Zul-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, and Rabi I. Local governments restrict Hajj to a few days for their own convenience. See 9:37
The Gematrical Values (GV) of the letters in "Zul-Hijjah" are 700,
6, 1, 30, 8, 3, 5
The GV of the letters in Muharram are 40, 8, 200, 40
The GV of the letters in Safar are 90, 80, 200
The GV of the letters in Rabi` I are 200, 2, 10, 70, 1, 6, 30
700,6,1,30,8,3,5 + 40,8,200,40 + 90,80,200 + 200,2,10,70,1,6,30 + 2 + 197 = 207266732904 =19x10908775416.
If we put all the Suras and verses that deal with the four sacred months and
the months of Hajj and the Crescents next to each other they are divisible by
2:189,197; 9:36 concatenated gives 2189197936 = 19 x 115220944
[2:189] They ask you about the phases of the moon! Say, "They provide
a timing device for the people, and determine the time of Hajj."
In 9:5 the Quran talks about the four months being skinned from the 12 months
of the year. In 36:37 God used the word skinned again to remind us that to skin
is to do it in one continuous motion like the change of the night into the day
or vice versa. 2:189,197,9:5,36,36:37 = 19 x 11522094492823
[36:37] Another sign for them is the night: we remove (Skin) (naslukho in Arabic)
the daylight therefrom, whereupon they are in darkness.
[9:36] The count of months, as far as GOD is concerned, is twelve. This has been GOD's law, since the day He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred.
Question: Do the restrictions of Hajj apply to all 4 months or only when actually performing the pilgrimage?
Restrictions of Hajj apply only for performing the pilgrimage. With regard to restrictions during the four sacred months, God tells us in 9:36 ... you shall not wrong your souls (by fighting) during the Sacred Months. ... and in 2:217 They ask you about the Sacred Months and fighting therein: say, "Fighting therein is a sacrilege. ... Please also see our page on Quranic verses on Hajj.
Restrictions like misconduct and arguments are applicable for all time as God says in 17:38 - …All bad behavior is condemned by your Lord.
Praise be to God, Lord of the universe.
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